In a chain reaction accident a single event leads to a string of occurrences. A typical case involves a car ramming into the back of the car in front, causing the leading car to smash into the car in front of it. Chain reactions can also involve pedestrians or cyclists who happen to be near the first event in the chain. Here is an example from last year, in which a vehicle crossing a center line caused a series of collisions involving four cars.
What causes chain reaction crashes?
Chain reaction accidents tend to be the result of a bad mix of factors. Examining the cause of a given crash can be difficult, because in many cases the factors contributing to the “chain” are difficult to separate. But these are some of the common causes:
- Distracted driving. Someone who is busy looking at their phone, adjusting the radio, or chatting with a passenger may not see the vehicle in front of them slow down in time to apply the brakes. Many chain reaction crashes are caused by rear-endings that are a consequence of distracted driving.
- Driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol, or while tired. Alcohol and drugs slow responsiveness and can have similar consequences o being distracted. Fatigued driving can be just as dangerous as driving under the influence of alcohol.
- Road conditions. Wet or dirty road conditions can multiply stopping distances in unpredictable ways. Drivers who don’t slow down in response to unsafe conditions increase the risk of a crash. Because impacted vehicles are also subject to the slippery conditions they are more likely to become part of an accident chain.
The legal consequences of chain reaction accidents
Although the scale of a chain reaction accident can feel larger than one involving only two vehicles, the same basic rules apply. The police should be contacted, help provided to anyone who has been injured, and so forth. All the drivers involved in the accident should exchange insurance information, photos should be taken, and witnesses asked to provide their contact information.
If a chain reaction accident leads to a personal injury lawsuit the central question typically will be whether the defendant in the case was negligent in causing the plaintiff’s injuries. Although the driver of the first vehicle in the chain may have been negligent, it’s possible that other people involved in the accident also were negligent. Each person’s state of mind at the time of the accident, and their response to it, will need to be examined to determine if the first driver is truly at fault for the entire chain of events, or if an intervening act of negligence also contributed.
GGRM is a Las Vegas accident law firm
For more than 45 years the law firm of Greenman Goldberg Raby Martinez has represented clients who have been injured in car accidents. Whenever someone has been involved in a car accident we always recommend that they contact an attorney as soon as possible to ensure that their rights are protected. This can be especially important in complex cases such as chain reaction accidents, where sorting through all the facts can be challenging. If you have been injured in an accident call us today for a free attorney consultation at 702-388-4476 or reach us through our contact page.